Disability Laws

Educational Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding Special EEducational Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding Special Education in Illinois

Illinois State Board of Education document on Educational Rights and Responsibilities: Understanding Special Education in Illinois developed for parents and others to learn about the educational rights of children who have disabilities and receive special education services. https://frcd.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Illinois-Parent-Guide.pdf

Child Find in Illinois
learn the definition of child find understand that screening is different from evaluation

Response to Intervention
-learn the three parts of a response to intervention process
-learn about progress monitoring and data collection
-understand the role of parents in the process
-learn that parents can request a special education evaluation at any point in the  intervention process

Referral & Evaluation
learn what “date of referral” means
learn the timelines for the school to make a decision about conducting an evaluation
see what areas or “domains” are included in an evaluation assessment
learn how often the district must conduct a reevaluation
get information on independent educational evaluations

Eligibility Categories
learn the different special education categories

Additional Procedures for Specific Learning Disabilities
learn the criteria required to determine whether a child has a specific learning disability

Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)
learn the parts of an IEP
learn who is on an IEP team
discover tips and things to remember when working on the IEP
understand the additional requirements the team must consider when writing an IEP for a student who has a disability on the autism spectrum
learn that changes can be made to an IEP without a meeting
know what “prior written notice” is and learn when schools are required to provide it
learn what happens if a parent revokes consent to provide special education to a student

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
discover what an educational placement is and learn what some of the options look like
find out what research says about inclusive education
learn the definition of general education environment

Illinois Part 226, Special Education

Illinois School Code 

IDEA—the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IDEA, the Individual with Disabilities Education Act, is our nation’s special education law. The IDEA guides how states, school districts, and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
Before there was IDEA, there was the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability. Section 504 of this Act continues to play an important role in education, especially for students with disabilities who may not qualify for special education services under IDEA.

Americans with Disabilities Act —  The ADA
Passed by the Congress and signed into law by the President in July 1990, the ADA is the first comprehensive declaration of equality for people with disabilities. The ADA protects the civil rights of people with disabilities in all aspects of employment, in accessing public services such as transportation and guaranteeing access to public accommodations such as restaurants, stores, hotels and other types of buildings to which the public has access.

Assistive Technology Act
Assistive technology can greatly improve the access and function of people with disabilities in school, work, home, and community. The Assistive Technology Act is intended to ensure that people with disabilities have access to assistive technology devices and services. Find your state’s AT program!

Information is taken from the Center for Parent Information and Resources  Newark, NJ, Author Updated, March 2014  A legacy resource from NICHCY